Reporting Back | Averting, Minimizing and Addressing Loss and Damage Related to Displacement and the Adverse Effects of Climate Change in Bangladesh
Dhaka, 28 July 2022 – The Platform on Disaster Displacement (PDD), in partnership with the…
Objective of the side event
Primarily the poor and vulnerable are exposed to the adverse effects of climate change related to sudden-onset extreme weather events and slow-onset events and processes such as sea-level rise and desertification. Many of them are “trapped” others can and have to move. Thus climate change is a key driver for human mobility, as confirmed by ongoing studies of the World Bank. To protect those most at risk, humanitarian and development actors need to adapt their traditional approaches and governments of affected countries need to become more pro-active risk managers. This calls for comprehensive approaches to reduce climate and disaster risks, including displacement risks, to promote risk prevention and transfer and to address challenges when people move or have to move because of the effects of climate change.
This side event will bring together the current discussion and deliberations from three approaches to climate and disaster risks: 1) anticipatory humanitarian assistance, 2) climate and disaster risk management and 3) addressing disaster displacement.
Within humanitarian assistance more anticipatory action is needed from donor countries and humanitarian organizations to deal more effectively with increasing climate risks. Anticipatory approaches, such as Forecast-based Financing, have the potential to enable the implementation of early actions to use available humanitarian funding more efficiently. These mechanisms need to be integrated in a systematic way to enable humanitarian organizations to make better use of extreme weather forecasts for a forward-looking humanitarian assistance.
As part of a comprehensive risk management approach in affected countries, climate risk insurance is able to provide rapid post-disaster finance and improve the understanding and ownership of risks. The InsuResilience initiative, for example, aims at significantly increasing the number of poor and vulnerable people with climate insurance coverage. Innovative development approaches therefore need to improve and upscale climate and disaster risk finance and insurance solutions for a more timely and reliable post-disaster response, reducing humanitarian impacts and strengthening local resilience over time.
In order to reduce the impacts of climate and disaster risks, comprehensive risk management approaches (including risk-sensitive land use planning and early warning systems) and adaptation strategies are crucial. This is particularly relevant in the context of increased risk of disaster displacement. On the one hand, the protection needs of disaster displaced persons must be addressed. On the other hand, sustainable alternatives need to be promoted and adaptation efforts, including migration as an adaptation strategy, need to be facilitated. There is increased international recognition of the challenge of human mobility in the context of disaster and climate change, as reflected in the COP 21 Decision to establish a Task Force on Displacement under the Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage and the launch by Germany of the Platform on Disaster Displacement (PDD) in May 2016. States have also committed to address the drivers that create or exacerbate large movements of refugees and migrants, including those linked to disasters and the adverse effects of climate change, by developing a Global Compact for safe, orderly and regular migration (GCM) by 2018.
The side event will provide a human mobility outlook (displacement, migration and planned relocation) for and recent experience from Bangladesh as well as share practical examples of Germany´s international engagement for effective practices and approaches that reduce the humanitarian impacts of extreme weather events, integrate risk financing solutions, address the drivers and consequences of displacement and support the most vulnerable to adapt to the adverse effects of climate change.
The side event will also formulate recommendations and principles for ongoing policy processes, such as the COP and the GCM, on how these different approaches can complement each other, create synergies and are able to promote concerted efforts at national, regional and international levels.
Bangladesh will be highlighted as case to present and discuss the following pilot initiatives, dealing with climate risks and climate induced human mobility:
Against this backdrop and to identify recommendations and principles for relevant policy processes, the side-event will focus on the following suggested questions and discussion points:
Government representatives and experts working on relevant issues such as disaster risk finance and insurance, disaster displacement, humanitarian assistance and development cooperation in the context of human mobility will be asked to join the discussion.
Speakers (in alphabetic order)
Moderation: Prof. Walter Kälin
Side Event Flyer
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