One key finding of the Nansen Initiative was that global, comprehensive and systematic data collection and analysis on cross-border disaster-displacement is lacking. Moreover, evidence and data is limited regarding displacement dynamics, trends, patterns and cycles, including on the root causes of disaster displacement. Data and evidence is also lacking regarding displacement and human mobility in the context of slow-onset events associated with the adverse effects of climate change. Additional data and knowledge is also needed on disaster-related migration and planned relocation processes. The data and evidence challenge is conceptual, institutional and operational.
However, the Nansen Initiative found that knowledge and data on cross-border disaster-displacement is growing due to efforts by governments, researchers, and academic institutions, non-governmental and international organizations. Thus, the Platform through its Coordination Unit will work with relevant agencies and members of its Advisory Committee to map existing information management systems, review them and propose measures to address gap areas (e.g. development of new concepts, methodologies, models and tools or establishment of new mechanisms). This exercise will also include an analysis of which gap can be mainstreamed within the existing work of organizations and others collecting and analyzing data, including global centers and portals such as Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC), and the identification of areas where additional capacity or new mechanisms would be required.
In view of the existing challenges, reaching a capacity to provide global information management, analysis, tracking of trends and reporting regarding cross-border disaster-displacement, including on its root causes, should be considered a long term goal. The mapping exercise and analysis of gaps will only be a first step. The result of that analysis will serve to inform and prepare the Steering Group for further strategic discussion and guidance on the mechanisms, measures and institutional capacity required to address the gaps.
Other steps, from a short or mid-term perspective, include addressing the following gaps:
- For example, all members of the Platform will seek to explore opportunities to support the inclusion of displacement and human mobility categories in post-disaster needs and damage assessment tools and methodologies, and in other information systems such as national censuses.
- Similarly, from a preparedness and prevention perspective, members of the Platform will seek to link up with current efforts to strengthen risk mapping and forecasting modelling to identify vulnerable populations and others at risk of displacement, and to identify and better understand existing and emerging displacement risk drivers. Such information is important for contingency and preparedness planning and should be made available for relevant authorities and agencies at the national and regional level.
- Upon requests by the Steering Group, research will be commissioned via existing channels, such as through members of the Advisory Committee, to address knowledge gaps (e.g. on human mobility impact of slow-onset events associated with the adverse effects of climate change). The Coordination Unit will support the Platform to communicate findings on gaps, the result of new research and building of knowledge, and information on effective practice etc. through relevant communication outlets (reports, policy briefs, websites etc.).
Consult the PDD Workplan 2016-2019