Since disaster displacement is multi-causal, efforts to prevent and address displacement and reduce displacement risks require systematic work across sectors, mandates and areas of expertise. An integrated approach is also required in order to ensure that protection needs are addressed throughout the displacement cycle (prevention, preparedness, protection during displacement, and the transition to durable solutions). A key gap and challenge highlighted by the Nansen Initiative is the need to bring together and link multiple policy and action areas that to date have been uncoordinated in order to better address cross-border disaster-displacement and its root causes.
Climate change adaptation, disaster risk reduction and other development efforts are often inter-dependent, and to promote their strategic combination when being implemented at the global, regional and national levels will generate more effective outcomes and strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity (e.g. development of integrated disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation strategies at national and regional level). All members of the Platform will have a role to play in promoting coherence across these policy areas, but the Steering Group will provide overall strategic guidance and be in charge of representing the Platform and provide global policy input in relevant global policy dialogues (e.g. at WHS, GFMD). More technical and policy support and input, for example to the UNFCCC by participating in relevant Task Forces (see below) or to the UNISDR Expert Working Group on Indicators and Terminology, may be provided by the Coordination Unit and members of the Advisory Committee and the Task Force, under guidance and mandate by the Chair and the Steering Group.
The Platform being state-led and based on multi-stakeholder involvement is strategically in a good position to promote policy coherence and to strengthen the goal of collective outcomes between these global policy processes. Coordination with specialized agencies such as UNHCR, IOM, UNDP, the Red Cross / Red Crescent Movement, and a strategic and technical relationship with UNISDR and the UNFCCC and its subsidiary bodies are important for generating such synergies. Through its Steering Group, the Platform will also advance its findings, conclusions and recommendations to the attention of decision and policy makers at all levels, such as through organizing side events at global and regional events and the drafting and submission of policy briefs.
The year of 2015 saw a number of new global policy agendas. The inclusion and recognition of displacement and human mobility challenges in the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Paris Climate Change Agreement provide important opportunities for further policy coherence, synergies and for enhanced capacity to prevent and address the challenges of disaster displacement.
The Platform will continue to promote policy coherence by linking these processes.
- For example, the Sendai Framework on DRR explicitly references actions related to displacement (e.g. evacuation), migration and planned relocation as part of overall disaster risk reduction efforts. Providing technical support when parties to the framework seek to implement the framework at national level and measure progress, will give stronger effect to the effective practices identified in the Protection Agenda.
- Another strategic opportunity to promote policy coherence is the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), in particular the Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage associated with Climate Change Impacts (WIM), which has been mandated to establish a Task Force “to develop recommendations for integrated approaches to avert, minimize and address displacement related to the adverse impacts of climate change”.
- A third global process directly relevant to the work of the Platform and its protection objective is the United Nation Secretary General’s World Humanitarian Summit (WHS) and its follow-up. The SG’s Agenda for Humanity includes a set of proposals on how to reduce and address displacement, whilst it also calls for commitment to develop protection measures to prepare for and address cross-border displacement due to disasters and climate change. The Agenda for Humanity and its follow-up represent and important opportunity to support development of protection frameworks at the national and regional level.
The Global Forum on Migration and Development (GFMD) and other global migration policy dialogues are also important opportunities to promote wider and further use of Humanitarian Protection Measures (e.g. use of regular immigration laws, exceptional immigration categories) and for the Platform to support policy and governance development in the migration area of work.
 This may include support to UNISDR and the work of the Open-ended Intergovernmental Expert Working Group on Indicators and Terminology Relating to Disaster Risk Reduction.
Consult the PDD Workplan 2016-2019