This background paper informs the Nansen Initiative Greater Horn of Africa Regional Consultation, held in Nairobi, Kenya from 21-23 May 2014. Launched by the Governments of Norway and Switzerland in October 2012, the Nansen Initiative is a state-led, bottom-up consultative process intended to build consensus on the development of a protection agenda addressing the needs of people displaced across international borders in the context of natural hazards, including those linked to the effects of climate change. To build consensus on the protection agenda, the Nansen Initiative is in the process of undertaking five Regional Consultations in the Pacific, Central America, the Greater Horn of Africa, South-East Asia, and South Asia over the course of 2013 and 2014. The first two Regional Consultations took place in Rarotonga, Cook Islands and San José, Costa Rica in May and December 2013, respectively. The Nansen Initiative is also hosting regional meetings with civil society representatives in these same five regions. The Horn of Africa civil society meeting entitled, “Natural Hazards, Climate Change and Cross-Border Displacement: Protecting People on the Move” took place on 3-4 March 2014 in Nairobi. Outcome documents from all of the regional consultations contain recommendations for further action at the community, national, regional and international levels.