This background paper informs the Nansen Initiative Southeast Asian Regional Consultation to be held in Manila, Philippines from 15-17 October 2014, which will explore the issue of human mobility (displacement, migration and planned relocation) in the context of disasters and climate change in the Southeast Asia. Launched by the Governments of Norway and Switzerland in October 2012, the Nansen Initiative is a state-led, bottom-up consultative process intended to build consensus on the development of a protection agenda addressing the needs of people displaced across international borders in the context of natural hazards, including those linked to the effects of climate change. To feed the Nansen Initiative process with practical experiences and build consensus, inter-governmental Regional Consultations and Civil Society Meetings are taking place in the Pacific, Central America, the Horn of Africa, Southeast Asia, and South Asia over the course of 2013 to 2015. The Southeast Asian Civil Society meeting was held in Bangkok, Thailand from 30 June to 1 July 2014. Outcome documents from all of the Regional Consultations contain recommendations for further action at the community, national, regional and international levels.