Climate change will increase migration flows, in particular from the world’s poorest and most crisis-prone countries. The links between climate change and migration are complex and difficult to identify. In spite of disagreement about how to identify climate as a causal factor in migration, the policy challenges posed by the movement are real. Even though climate change and environ- mental degradation have a significant impact on population movements worldwide, at present, there is no coherent policy approach from the European Union (EU) on how to respond to the phenomenon of environmentally-induced migra- tion/displacement. People who move because of some long-term environmental change are seen as voluntary or economic migrants with no enti- tlement to protection, while those moving after sudden environmental disasters often qualify for short-term humanitarian aid, but no longer-term support.